Transport Refrigeration in California Sustainable Freight Action Plan

Transport refrigeration is identified in the California Sustainable Freight Action Plan in accordance with an executive order providing a vision for California’s transition to a more efficient, more economically competitive, and less polluting freight transport system.

According to the document “The Action Plan is the beginning of a process, and signals State government’s interest in collaborating with stakeholders on defining the actions necessary to make the vision for a sustainable freight transport system a reality.”

Citations related to transport refrigeration are excerpted below:

H. Zero Emission Freight Vehicle and Equipment Requirements and Incentives

4. Transport Refrigeration Units Used For Cold Storage

Overview: The goal of this proposed measure is to advance zero and near-zero emission technology commercialization by increasing the early penetration of hybrid electric and electric standby-equipped transport refrigeration units used for cold storage, and supporting the needed infrastructure developments. ARB would develop a regulation to reduce nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, and greenhouse gas emissions by reducing the amount of time that transport refrigeration units operate using internal combustion engines while refrigerated trucks, trailers, and shipping containers are parked (stationary) at certain California facilities and other locations.

Implementing Agency: ARB

Type of Action: Regulation and incentive

Timing:

Anticipated Board Consideration: 2017-2018

Implementation Schedule: 2020+

Proposed Actions: The initial concept of the proposed regulation would limit the amount of stationary operating time that a transport refrigeration system powered by an internal combustion engine can operate at certain facilities. The time limit would decrease on a phased compliance schedule. When developing compliance options ARB will consider the ability of technologies to meet the operational needs of the users and avoid stranding assets. These options could include the use of commercially available hybrid electric transport refrigeration units, transport refrigeration units equipped with electric standby motors, and cryogenic transport refrigeration systems. Hybrid electric and electric standby-equipped transport refrigeration units would plug into electric power plugs while stationary and use alternative power while on the road. Development and use of zero emission technologies, such as all-electric plug-in/advanced battery transport refrigeration systems would be encouraged, as well as adequately-sized cold storage facilities, and more efficient inbound delivery appointment and outbound dispatch scheduling.

ARB staff anticipate bringing this measure to the Board in 2018.

Estimated Cost: ARB will estimate costs from this action during the measure development process for the Proposed 2016 State Strategy for the State Implementation Plan. See http://www.arb.ca.gov/planning/sip/sip.htm.

Benefits: This action is anticipated to provide criteria pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions reduction benefits. ARB will quantify emissions reductions from this action during the measure development process for the Mobile Source Strategy and Proposed 2016 State Strategy for the State Implementation Plan. See http://www.arb.ca.gov/planning/sip/2016sip/2016mobsrc.htm and http://www.arb.ca.gov/planning/sip/sip.htm.

 

Elsewhere in the California Sustainable Freight Action Plan transport refrigeration is identified for deployment of zero and near-zero technologies:

 

J. Further Deployment of Cleaner Technologies Through Regulations, Partnerships, and Incentives

3. Off-Road Equipment

Overview: The goals of this proposed measure are to accelerate the penetration of zero and near-zero equipment and to promote in-use efficiency gains through use of connected and autonomous vehicles and worksite efficiencies. This action is specifically for the South Coast.

Implementing Agency: ARB and South Coast Air Quality Management District

Type of Action: Regulation, incentives, and efficiency measures

Timing: Implementation Schedule: 2016 – 2031

Proposed Actions: Both ARB and the South Coast Air Quality Management District will develop a suite of additional actions through further exploration of opportunities for early penetration of zero and near-zero equipment technologies, the potential for worksite integration and efficiency, as well as connected and autonomous vehicle technologies. Actions may include:

  • Developing requirements for cleaner zero and near-zero technologies for transport refrigeration units.
  • Expanding and enhancing existing incentive and other innovative funding programs for off-road equipment to increase the emphasis on and support for zero emission capable equipment.
  • Further advanced technology deployment with expansion of zero emission technologies into heavier pieces of off-road equipment such as high lift-capacity forklifts and other equipment in the construction, mining, and industrial sectors.
  • Advancing development of autonomous systems, particularly if based on zero emission technologies, as well as greater worksite integration, efficiency, and fleet management technologies.

Estimated Cost: ARB will estimate costs from this action during the measure development process for the Proposed 2016 State Strategy for the State Implementation Plan. See http://www.arb.ca.gov/planning/sip/sip.htm.

Benefits: This action is anticipated to provide criteria pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions reduction benefits. ARB will quantify emissions reductions from this action during the measure development process for the Mobile Source Strategy and Proposed 2016 State Strategy for the State Implementation Plan. See http://www.arb.ca.gov/planning/sip/2016sip/2016mobsrc.htm and http://www.arb.ca.gov/planning/sip/sip.htm.

 

With transport refrigeration integrated into state policies, programs, plans and funding:

 

C. Integration of Existing State Policies, Programs, Plans, and Funding

2. Recent Plans

c. Sustainable Freight: Pathways to Zero and Near-Zero Emissions Discussion Document

n April 2015, ARB staff released the Sustainable Freight: Pathways to Zero and Near-Zero Emissions Discussion Document that outlines initial steps ARB intends to take and propose to accelerate progress toward zero and near-zero emission freight vehicle and equipment technology in California.29 It describes the range of potential actions available to ARB for trucks, oceangoing vessels, locomotives, transport refrigeration units, commercial harbor craft, aircraft, and cargo, industrial, and ground service equipment. Immediate, near-, and long-term concepts to achieve a cleaner freight system are included.

29 ARB, “Sustainable Freight: Pathways to Zero and Near-Zero Emissions Discussion Document,” April 2015, http://www.arb.ca.gov/gmp/sfti/sustainable-freight-pathways-to-zero-and-near-zero-emissions-discussion-document.pdf, accessed April 11, 2016.